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Bootstrap 图标

简介

在本教程中,您将学习如何使用 Bootstrap 2.0 工具包来创建图标。Bootstrap 图标由 Glyphicons 提供。如果您在项目中使用这些图标,请确保提供 Glyphicons 的链接。

作为 CSS Sprite 使用

所有的图标图像都捆绑到一起,并通过 background-position CSS 属性使用。图像文件是 glyphicons-halflings.png,位于 Bootstrap 主文件夹下的 img 文件夹。图标的样式以及背景位置是在 bootstrap.css 的行号 1168 到 1544 中规定。请注意,为避免冲突,所有的图标 class 都以 "icon-" 为前缀。Bootstrap 2.0 中定义了 120 个图标 class。

如何在您自己的站点或 app 中使用图标

下面是在站点或 app 中使用图标的通用语法:

 <i class="icon_class_name"></i> 

其中 "icon_class_name" 是在 bootstrap.css 中定义的图标 class 的名称(例如:icon-music、icon-star、icon-user 等)。

如果您想要使用白色图标,然后添加一个额外的 icon-white class,如下所示:

<i class="icon_class_name icon-white"></i>  </i>

如果您想要在使用图标时带上一些字符串,记得在 之后添加一些空格。在按钮中使用图标或者一些导航链接中可能会出现这种情况。

实例:一个搜索表单

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Example of using icons in search form - Bootstrap version 2.0</title>
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <meta name="description" content="Example of using icons in search form - Bootstrap version 2.0 from ziqiangxuetang.com">
    <meta name="author" content="">

    <!-- Le styles -->
    <link href="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/css/bootstrap.css" rel="stylesheet">
	<style type="text/css">
	form {
	margin-top: 50px;
	}
	</style>
	<!-- Le HTML5 shim, for IE6-8 support of HTML5 elements -->
    <!--[if lt IE 9]>
      <script src="//html5shim.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/html5.js"></script>
    <![endif]-->

    <!-- Le fav and touch icons -->
    <link rel="shortcut icon" href="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/examples/images/favicon.ico">
    <link rel="apple-touch-icon" href="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/examples/images/apple-touch-icon.png">
    <link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="72x72" href="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/examples/images/apple-touch-icon-72x72.png">
    <link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="114x114" href="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/examples/images/apple-touch-icon-114x114.png">
  </head>
  <body>
    <div class="container">
      <div class="row">
        <div class="span12">
		<form class="well form-search">
  			<input type="text" class="input-medium search-query">
  			<button type="submit" class="btn"><i class="icon-search"></i> Search</button>
		</form>
		</div>
		</div>
        <footer>
        <p>&copy; Company 2013</p>
      </footer>
    </div>
</body>
</html>

在线查看

在不同的浏览器窗口查看上面实例。

实例:在导航中使用图标

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Example icons in navigation with Bootstrap version 2.0 from ziqiangxuetang.com</title>
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <meta name="description" content="Example icons in navigation with Bootstrap version 2.0 from ziqiangxuetang.com">
    <meta name="author" content="">

    <!-- Le styles -->
    <link href="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/css/bootstrap.css" rel="stylesheet">
	<!-- Le HTML5 shim, for IE6-8 support of HTML5 elements -->
    <!--[if lt IE 9]>
      <script src="//html5shim.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/html5.js"></script>
    <![endif]-->

    <!-- Le fav and touch icons -->
    <link rel="shortcut icon" href="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/examples/images/favicon.ico">
    <link rel="apple-touch-icon" href="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/examples/images/apple-touch-icon.png">
    <link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="72x72" href="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/examples/images/apple-touch-icon-72x72.png">
    <link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="114x114" href="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/examples/images/apple-touch-icon-114x114.png">
  </head>

  <body>
    <div class="navbar navbar-fixed-top">
      <div class="navbar-inner">
        <div class="container">
          <a class="btn btn-navbar" data-toggle="collapse" data-target=".nav-collapse">
            <span class="icon-bar"></span>
            <span class="icon-bar"></span>
            <span class="icon-bar"></span>
          </a>
          <a class="brand" href="#">ziqiangxuetang</a>
          <div class="nav-collapse">
            <ul class="nav">
              <li class="active"><a href="#"><i class="icon-user icon-white"></i> Home</a></li>
			  <li><a href="#about"><i class="icon-user icon-white"></i> User</a></li>
              <li><a href="#about"><i class="icon-download icon-white"></i> Downlaod</a></li>
			  <li><a href="#about"><i class="icon-upload icon-white"></i> Upload</a></li>
			  <li><a href="#about"><i class="icon-play-circle  icon-white"></i> Play Circle</a></li>
			  <li><a href="#about"><i class="icon-bookmark  icon-white"></i> Bookmark</a></li>
              <li><a href="#about"><i class="icon-gift icon-white"></i> Gift</a></li>
            </ul>
          </div><!--/.nav-collapse -->
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>

 <hr>
    </div> <!-- /container -->

    <!-- Le javascript
    ================================================== -->
    <!-- Placed at the end of the document so the pages load faster -->
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/jquery.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-transition.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-alert.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-modal.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-dropdown.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-scrollspy.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-tab.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-tooltip.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-popover.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-button.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-collapse.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-carousel.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-typeahead.js"></script>

  </body>
</html>

在线查看

在不同的浏览器窗口查看上面实例。

实例:在按钮和按钮组中使用图标

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Example of using icons in buttons and button groups - Bootstrap version 2.0</title>
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <meta name="description" content="Example of using icons in buttons and button groups - Bootstrap version 2.0 from ziqiangxuetang.com">
    <meta name="author" content="">

    <!-- Le styles -->
    <link href="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/css/bootstrap.css" rel="stylesheet">
	<style type="text/css">
	form {
	margin-top: 50px;
	}
	</style>
	<!-- Le HTML5 shim, for IE6-8 support of HTML5 elements -->
    <!--[if lt IE 9]>
      <script src="//html5shim.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/html5.js"></script>
    <![endif]-->

    <!-- Le fav and touch icons -->
    <link rel="shortcut icon" href="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/examples/images/favicon.ico">
    <link rel="apple-touch-icon" href="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/examples/images/apple-touch-icon.png">
    <link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="72x72" href="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/examples/images/apple-touch-icon-72x72.png">
    <link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="114x114" href="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/examples/images/apple-touch-icon-114x114.png">
  </head>
  <body>
    <div class="container">
      <div class="row">
    <div class="span4">
      <div class="btn-toolbar" style="margin-bottom: 9px">
        <div class="btn-group">
          <a class="btn" href="#"><i class="icon-align-left"></i></a>
          <a class="btn" href="#"><i class="icon-align-center"></i></a>
          <a class="btn" href="#"><i class="icon-align-right"></i></a>
          <a class="btn" href="#"><i class="icon-align-justify"></i></a>
        </div>
        <div class="btn-group">
          <a class="btn btn-primary" href="#"><i class="icon-user icon-white"></i> User</a>
          <a class="btn btn-primary dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown" href="#"><span class="caret"></span></a>
          <ul class="dropdown-menu">
            <li><a href="#"><i class="icon-pencil"></i> Edit</a></li>
            <li><a href="#"><i class="icon-trash"></i> Delete</a></li>
            <li><a href="#"><i class="icon-ban-circle"></i> Ban</a></li>
            <li class="divider"></li>
            <li><a href="#"><i class="i"></i> Make admin</a></li>
          </ul>
        </div>
      </div>
      <p>
        <a class="btn" href="#"><i class="icon-refresh"></i> Refresh</a>
        <a class="btn btn-success" href="#"><i class="icon-shopping-cart icon-white"></i> Checkout</a>
        <a class="btn btn-danger" href="#"><i class="icon-trash icon-white"></i> Delete</a>
      </p>
      <p>
        <a class="btn btn-large" href="#"><i class="icon-comment"></i> Comment</a>
        <a class="btn btn-small" href="#"><i class="icon-cog"></i> Settings</a>
        <a class="btn btn-small btn-info" href="#"><i class="icon-info-sign icon-white"></i> More Info</a>
      </p>
    </div>
   	</div>
    </div>
     <!-- Le javascript
    ================================================== -->
    <!-- Placed at the end of the document so the pages load faster -->
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/jquery.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-transition.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-alert.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-modal.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-dropdown.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-scrollspy.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-tab.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-tooltip.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-popover.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-button.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-collapse.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-carousel.js"></script>
    <script src="../bootstrap/twitter-bootstrap-v2/docs/assets/js/bootstrap-typeahead.js"></script>
</body>
</html>

在线查看

在不同的浏览器窗口查看上面实例。

点击这里,下载本教程中使用到的所有 HTML、CSS、JS 和图片文件。

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